When a player commits any of the following fouls, the opponent can take a free shot as long as they do not commit a foul on their first attempt:
- Hitting the 8 ball or an opponent's ball first
- If the white ball does not hit any balls
When a player commits any of the following fouls, the opponent can place the white ball wherever they want, although they only get one shot
- Pocketing the white ball
-.Hitting the white ball off the table
8 Ball Pool
Singles or Doubles:
9 or 15 balls
Aim of the game:Singles Rules
When the first ball is pocketed, the player who pocketed it chooses a group of balls, plain or striped, red or yellow. The aim is to pocket all the balls from that group, then the 8. This game comes in 2 variants, of 9 or 15 balls, however, the rules remain the same.
How to play:
Initial ball set-up
For 8 Ball Pool, the balls are arranged using a triangle. The 1 ball is placed at the top of the rack, on the Foot Spot, with the 8-ball in the middle of the third row. All the other balls are placed around the 8 in no particular order.
For all shots (except the break and when the table is open) the player must first hit a ball from their own group. As long as a player continues to legally pot balls from their group, they can continue with their run.
This applies even if balls from the other side are potted, as long as the shot was played properly.If a foul occurs during a shot, if one or more balls from the other side have been potted, they will not be put back into play.
The game is won when a player legally pockets all of the balls from their group and, in the next shot, pots the 8 ball.
The game is lost when:
- The 8 ball is pocketed in the middle of the game.
- The 8 ball leaves the table (except at the break).
- The white ball is pocketed or leaves the table in the same shot as the 8 ball is potted.
Aim of the game:Doubles Rules:
The aim of the game is the same as for the singles version. The differences are simply down to the fact that there are two players on each team.
How to play:
Again, the game works in exactly the same way as the singles version.
The rotation of the players is as follows:
1- Player A from Team 1
2. Player A from Team 2
3- Player B from Team 1
4. Player B from Team 2
As long as a player keeps pocketing balls from their group legally, they can continue their run.
The pass rule:
Two players from the same team can use the pass rule to pocket a ball from their group.
Player A can use the white ball to pass to player B, who can then hit the white ball to pocket a ball from their group.
For the shot to be valid:
- The white ball must cross the middle of the table before being deflected by Player B
- The white ball must be in motion when Player B deflects it.
When this happens the game continues and each player keeps their order of play. The player A who made the pass continues to play by making a pass or not.
In addition to the fouls listed in the singles rules, when a team commits any of the following fouls, the opposing team can take a free shot, as long as they do not commit a foul on the first attempt:
- The white ball is deflected by player B while it is not moving
- The white ball is deflected by player B when it has not crossed the middle of the table.
The pass rule can not be used to pocket the 8 ball